More New Zealanders are taking up the chance to work in horticulture amid the COVID-19 lockdown.
The questions and concerns were raised by Horticulture New Zealand (HortNZ).
They cover areas such as the definition of horticulture as an essential service, the 2-metre distancing rule, growers and workers who are over 70, and independent fruit and vegetable retailers.
The 2m social distancing rule
HortNZ asked: It is impractical for some grower operations to continue using the 2m rule. It would mean either halving production by taking staff off the packing lines (for crops already in the ground) and it would be impossible for new crops to be planted using machinery required (transplanters) that do not enable people to be 2m apart.
Is PPE able to be used in lieu of the exact 2m spacing, especially in outdoor conditions where there’s fresh air? For packhouse environments, are other conditions able to be applied for closer spacing i.e. 1.5m and PPE with no contact between staff and full wipe downs between staff areas and shifts?
MPI’s response: Each essential horticultural business that cannot practicably meet social distancing requirements (or has more than five people present on any site) must register with MPI and provide extra information about how it will manage COVID-19 risk. A form to register is on the MPI website and must be emailed to MPI by 5pm on Friday 27 March. The business should continue operating in the meantime with the best health precautions possible.
Documentation for movement to/from workplaces
HortNZ asked: Will people need some sort of documentation for movement to/from their places of work? If so, what will they need?
MPI’s response: No. If essential workers are questioned by police/military/civil defence about their movements, they should be prepared to explain their work situation.
However, we have prepared a form for employers to consider using in this situation, to provide them and their staff with peace of mind.
Access to personal protection equipment (PPE)
HortNZ asked: Will the horticulture and other primary industry sectors be prioritised access to PPE?
MPI’s response: No. The priority for PPE access is the health sector and first responders.
Growers and workers over 70
HortNZ asked: Can growers over 70 years of age still work on their orchards/farms? Can individuals over 70 years of age who perform essential services in the horticulture industry continue working?
MPI’s response: Growers over 70 can continue to work but they are strongly advised not to.
Growers’ employees over 70 however are prohibited from working.
Independent fresh fruit and vegetable shops
HortNZ asked: Can individual fresh fruit and vegetable shops remain open? Some of these are operated by growers on site.
MPI’s response: No. All such shops must close. They are also not allowed to do home deliveries. We are talking with the Government and Cabinet about allowing these businesses to operate again, however.
Definition of an essential horticulture service
MPI has endorsed the following interpretation of MBIE/MPI/s definitions related to horticulture as an essential service.
• The production and processing of food and beverage products covers any production practices undertaken by growers that contributes to the growing of fresh fruit, vegetables and berries.
• This is not limited to growers who are directly in harvest at the moment, but also undertaking activities to plant new crops, maintain orchards and farms and harvest.
• The development of new blocks is not considered essential, as these are activities for longer term food production, rather than existing production on orchards and farms. However, each business owner should make their own decision whether the stage of production they are currently in is essential to contribute to the supply of fresh fruit, vegetables and berries to New Zealand.
Registering as an essential horticultural service
While a grower with five or fewer employees (including the grower) does not have to register with MPI, their labour contractor or subcontractor must register if they have more than five employees, as they are separate businesses.