Friday, 21 September 2018 07:55

Could ammonia be the new motion lotion?

Written by  Mark Daniel
New Holland’s hydrogen tractor is likely to be on the market soon. New Holland’s hydrogen tractor is likely to be on the market soon.

Hybrid or electric vehicle (EV) makers had better mind their backs: the hydrogen fuel cell could still be in contention.

From an efficiency point these are at least twice as efficient as petrol or diesel powertrains, so only need half the fuel. But it seems that the biggest challenge holding the technology back is issues of safe storage and transport. 

The technology might now have moved a step closer to commercial reality: Australia’s CSIRO has developed a membrane technology process that enables safe and efficient production of ultra-pure hydrogen by extracting it from ammonia.

“Hydrogen fuel cells can be fitted to a wide range of vehicles -- cars, tractors, ships -- but concerns remain about safety during storage and transport,” says CSIRO principal research scientist Dr Michael Dolan.  

“Our technology allows extraction from ammonia that increased safety and had benefits in handling and storage”.  

Dolan says to move a lot of hydrogen it must be in liquid form -- much more dense than gaseous fuels. In the case of hydrogen, this is difficult to achieve without resorting to very low temperatures; but ammonia (nitrogen and hydrogen) forms a liquid at mild temperatures and behaves much like LPG.

In practical terms, ammonia carries a lot of hydrogen; the challenge is to pull that hydrogen back out, and it’s now achievable with CSIRO’s new membrane technology. From a safety aspect, ammonia suits transport and storage because it burns slowly and is hard to ignite.

Before long, says Dolan, fuel cells will be used in all forms of transport including tractors. For example, New Holland’s hydrogen tractor is reckoned likely to be on the market within three years. 

He says CSIRO is also researching solar energy, bio-mass and other renewable sources and is making ammonia production more efficient -- the latter having implications for fertiliser production. 

And there is new interest in straight ammonia as a substitute fuel for diesel in tractors, a process trialled in the US with reasonable results.

» Connect with Rural News

More like this

Big wins for New Holland

New Holland Agriculture received two accolades at the recent Agritechnica 2019 agri show -- the world’s largest -- in Hanover, Germany.

Genesis T8 aimed at farmer adaptability

New Holland Agriculture’s new Genesis T8 Series tractor with Precision Land Management (PLM) Intelligence is designed to adapt to individual farmers’ unique needs.

Innovation gongs for NH

New Holland Agriculture has picked up three silver medals in the Innovation Awards at the upcoming Agritechnica, November 10 to 16 in Hanover, Germany.

» The RNG Weather Report



Getting on top of a lousy problem

For strong wool sheep, lice infection is a nuisance more than a hefty financial cost. But, for fine wool sheep the financial toll is much greater. 

» Connect with Rural News

» Connect with Rural News

» The RNG Weather Report

» Latest Print Issues Online

The Hound


The Hound notes that one of the country’s poorest financially performing state-owned enterprises – the Government farming entity Landcorp (or…

Rural revolt

Your old mate hears that the antics of the Government – especially the NZ First component – are fuelling motivation…

» Connect with Rural News