Friday, 21 September 2018 07:55

Could ammonia be the new motion lotion?

Written by  Mark Daniel
New Holland’s hydrogen tractor is likely to be on the market soon. New Holland’s hydrogen tractor is likely to be on the market soon.

Hybrid or electric vehicle (EV) makers had better mind their backs: the hydrogen fuel cell could still be in contention.

From an efficiency point these are at least twice as efficient as petrol or diesel powertrains, so only need half the fuel. But it seems that the biggest challenge holding the technology back is issues of safe storage and transport. 

The technology might now have moved a step closer to commercial reality: Australia’s CSIRO has developed a membrane technology process that enables safe and efficient production of ultra-pure hydrogen by extracting it from ammonia.

“Hydrogen fuel cells can be fitted to a wide range of vehicles -- cars, tractors, ships -- but concerns remain about safety during storage and transport,” says CSIRO principal research scientist Dr Michael Dolan.  

“Our technology allows extraction from ammonia that increased safety and had benefits in handling and storage”.  

Dolan says to move a lot of hydrogen it must be in liquid form -- much more dense than gaseous fuels. In the case of hydrogen, this is difficult to achieve without resorting to very low temperatures; but ammonia (nitrogen and hydrogen) forms a liquid at mild temperatures and behaves much like LPG.

In practical terms, ammonia carries a lot of hydrogen; the challenge is to pull that hydrogen back out, and it’s now achievable with CSIRO’s new membrane technology. From a safety aspect, ammonia suits transport and storage because it burns slowly and is hard to ignite.

Before long, says Dolan, fuel cells will be used in all forms of transport including tractors. For example, New Holland’s hydrogen tractor is reckoned likely to be on the market within three years. 

He says CSIRO is also researching solar energy, bio-mass and other renewable sources and is making ammonia production more efficient -- the latter having implications for fertiliser production. 

And there is new interest in straight ammonia as a substitute fuel for diesel in tractors, a process trialled in the US with reasonable results.


More like this

New Holland upgrades steering

New Holland Agriculture is updating the T7 long wheel base with a new suspended front axle designed to ease the operator’s life while driving at high speed. 

Auto command now on demand

New Holland is now offering its Auto Command continuously variable transmission on the T9 Series tractors.


» Latest Print Issues Online

The Hound

Face palm

Your canine crusader cannot believe how bad a job Fonterra’s public relations team does for the dairy co-op.

Own goal

Your old mate realises he risks an outpouring of hatred and bile from the tin foil hat-wearing types who support…


» Connect with Rural News