Wednesday, 19 September 2018 11:55

Billion trees not enough

Written by  Pam Tipa
Forestry minister Shane Jones. Forestry minister Shane Jones.

Shane Jones’ one billion trees planting project is not ambitious enough, says the Productivity Commission.

Its recent report on climate change says this won’t get New Zealand to carbon neutrality by 2050 – and the Forest Owners Association agrees.

President Peter Weir claims Jones’ much-hyped tree planting programme needs to at least double – from 1 billion to 2.5b trees. He told Rural News that the 10-year, one billion trees project will have to keep going for another 15 years. 

“You will have to keep going at that same high planting rate through to 2050 if you are going to achieve carbon neutrality by offsetting. That is a key thing: trees don’t reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, trees offset those emissions by locking up the carbon,” Weir explains.

“Our perspective is you have actually got to reduce those emissions. One way to do it is by having a much more grandiose version of Shane Jones’ trees, and that is what the Productivity Commission is suggesting.

“There are other ways of doing it, i.e. fundamentally reducing GHG emissions rather than offsetting – quite a big difference. Forests don’t remove greenhouse gas emissions they just offset them.”

To double the current tree planting is a “massive amount of land use change”. About 1.8m hectares are now planted in forest in NZ, but Weir claims the country will need to plant an extra 2.5m ha. 

“So it would be doubling and a bit more the size of the existing plantation estate if we are going to do this by offsetting.

“Realistically you have to reduce emissions – completely getting coal out of the economy, electrifying the transport fleet and then you still have to markedly reduce the GHG emissions from agriculture – if you are going for net zero,” he says.

“It is all predicated on getting back to net zero by 2050. Net zero does not mean we go to zero GHG emissions, it means our emissions will be in balance with our offsetting in forests. The presumption is there will still be 60m tonnes of GHG emissions per year, but there will be 60m tonnes of GHG absorbed per year in forests; that is what net zero emissions means.

“Our emissions are currently 80m tonnes per year so somehow we have to either reduce or offset 20m tonnes of GHG emissions per year from where we are now. The objective is to reduce those emissions down to 60m tonnes per year. But increasing sequestration (offsetting) in forests to 60m tonnes per year would get NZ to net zero.

“It would be a stretch. 

“It is up to NZ society to figure out if we want to do that or not. The Productivity Commission has spelled out the pathway.”

More like this


Your canine crusader reckons it is ironic – and highly appropriate – that Shane Jones’ $3 billion electoral slush fund the Provincial Growth Fund (PGF) has exactly the same initials as the Problem Gambling Foundation (PGF)!

More carrot, less stick

Rural News last week summed up the disconnect going on in rural communities: “It seems incredible that in times when commodity prices are strong, interest rates low and climate favourable there should be so much angst and concern in rural NZ”

Saving us from ourselves

OPINION: The Government's policy to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions in New Zealand is working directly against the goals of the Paris Accord.



‘Cows can help reverse global warming’

Cows and pasture are not the villains in climate change, but could instead be our saviours, says Hawke’s Bay farmer, soil scientist and consultant Phyllis Tichinin.

Pork industry scholarships available

Massey University students looking to fund their studies in the pork industry have until March 10 to apply for up to four New Zealand Pork Industry Board scholarships.

» The RNG Weather Report

» Latest Print Issues Online

The Hound


Your old mate was disappointed, but not surprised to see a ‘study’ out of Otago University – quoted all over…

A dilemma

Your canine crusader reckons the fiercely anti GE, but pro sustainability Green Party has a dilemma on its hands, following…

» Connect with Rural News

» eNewsletter

Subscribe to our weekly newsletter