Sunday, 26 April 2015 15:37

Dairy breeds for climate change

Written by 
Flip-flop Bull. Flip-flop Bull.

With the threat of climate change confronting New Zealand dairy farming, CRV Ambreed says their tropical dairy breed may provide a solution.

The herd improvement company has recently widened the focus of its tropical dairy genetics scheme, which has sparked the interest of a handful of Northland-based farmers.

CRV Ambreed began introducing Sahiwal and Gyr genetics to their breeding programme to meet a growing overseas demand for heat tolerance and tick resilience, combined with the added benefits of New Zealand's grazing genetics.

Sahiwal, a popular high merit dairy breed in Central America, South America, Asia, and Africa, sires small, fast-growing calves that typically have good temperaments, ease of calving, heat and drought tolerance, and parasite resistance. Gyr, a common dairy breed in Brazil, displays similar traits to the Sahiwal.

A number of New Zealand farmers dealing with sub-tropical environmental conditions have since started using the crossbred option.

CRV Ambreed genetic strategist Phil Beatson says tropical breeds tend to have lower milk production than the temperate dairy breeds like Friesian and Jersey; their key strength is heat and parasite tolerance.

However, when crossed to the temperate breeds, the crossbred cattle have higher milk production than the straight tropical cattle, explains Beatson. As the proportion of tropical make-up decreases, Beatson expects that milk production will increase. For example, 25% tropical cows will have higher production than 50% tropical cows.

"Results show that in Northland, 34% Sahiwal, 66% Friesian cows in a once-a-day system produced up to 1kg of milk solids per day for the first 100 days of lactation. 20% Sahiwal cows produced up to 1.3kg milk solids in the same system," says Beatson.

"If used in the sub-tropical regions of New Zealand, a proportion of Sahiwal and Gyr genetics across Friesian and Jersey cows could help combat warmer temperatures resulting from climate change."

CRV Ambreed and PGG Wrightson have worked together for 30 years to successfully import and cross Sahiwal semen to breed dairy heifers for export. Their joint programme resulted in a number of crossbred bulls that have progeny in New Zealand.

CRV Ambreed is currently marketing one bull, 'Flip-Flop', whose breed make up is 18% Sahiwal, 50% Jersey and 32% Friesian. Flip-Flop will leave cows that are 9% tropical, meaning they carry the benefits of heat tolerance and tick resistance.

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